Adapted for the Internet from:

Why God Doesn't Exist

    Summary

    Man has known about magnets since antiquity, yet the mathematicians have no idea how two magnets attract or repel each
    other. Here I contrast the 'field' explanation offered  by the Quantum mathematicians against the version suggested by the
    rope hypothesis of light. Whereas the Quantum field description is supernatural, the rope version enables you to visualize
    the underlying physical process of magnets.

    Notes:

    1.      This page is an introduction to the magnetic mechanism. Its purpose is not to explain
    every aspect of magnetism, but to illustrate in a few pictures how magnets attract and
    repel. Unjustified assumptions are beyond the scope of this page (for example, how
    the ropes avoid tangling, atomic configuration, etc.). This page is merely an overview
    of the physical interpretation of magnetic attraction and repulsion. Its purpose is to
    help you visualize the process underlying magnetic behavior.

    2.       At the end of this page you will be able to see a simplified, dynamic version of
    attraction and repulsion.

    The patterns you see in Fig. 1 appears when we sprinkle iron filings around a common magnet. In Fig. 2 we see a schematic of
    both attraction and reflection patterns. The Sun's magnetic 'fields' also exhibit these patterns (Fig. 3).
How a magnet physically
attracts another
The explanation Thread Theory offers for magnetic attraction and repulsion
Click on the magnets below...

Fig. 2   

The attraction and repulsion patterns formed by iron filings
The 'description' offered by Mathematical Physics

So what are those arrows that are going into the south
and coming out of the north poles of the magnet?
Particles? Vectors? Magnetic moments? Energy?
Why do two magnets physically attract each other, you stupid relativist?

    3.   How magnets attract

    The mathematical physicists divide a magnet into north and south or positive and negative without indicating how this
    nomenclature relates to physical behavior. Under the rope hypothesis, a magnet is divided into top and bottom. In  Fig. 5,
    top atoms of both magnets swing EM threads CW and bottom atoms of both magnets swing EM threads CCW. I have color
    coded a few of the top threads blue and red merely to indicate their sources. The blue-red color coding is there to illustrate
    conventional north-south, positive-negative orientations. The blue-red color coding is unrelated to any physical property.
    The mathematicians have been utterly fooled by Mother Nature. They were so fascinated by the attractive and repulsive
    phenomena they observed at ends of magnets that they never considered the orthogonal top/bottom axis, the one
    underlying the physical reason for these phenomena.

    Top threads from the left magnet swing CW and through the middle of the magnet (Green Arrows). Bottom threads from this
    magnet swing CCW, collide with top threads, and also end up running through the middle of the magnet (Yellow Arrows).
    Predictably, force is through the middle of the magnet. Think of a magnet as a solenoid, with 'force' moving through the coil.

    The magnet on the right hand is also divided into top and bottom. Top threads swing CW and bottom threads swing CCW.
    CW spinning top threads of the left magnet engage CW spinning top threads of the one on the right like the brothers in
    Fig. 4 A and B. Think of two CW spinning gears or riverboat paddle wheels meshing into each other. They will attract each
    other. CCW spinning bottom threads of one magnet engage CCW spinning threads of the other and draw the two magnets
    together. The closer the magnets are to each other, the more threads that intervene, the stronger the attraction, and the
    faster the magnets are drawn to each other. This explains the inverse square rule (Fig 7). If we now revert the right hand
    magnet and turn it upside down so that D and C are exchanged (Fig. 6), the magnets continue to attract each other. Top
    threads continue swinging CW and bottom threads continue swinging CCW. The rotation of the magnet around this axis
    did not affect its properties. It is when we switch  E and F with C and D (Fig. 8) that the ropes are now aligned like the
    brothers in Fig. 4 C and D.

Fig. 1 Attraction

Classical iron filing patterns around two
magnets having opposite polarities.
2.   The rope version of magnetic attraction and repulsion
1.   The two Quantum versions of magnetic attraction and repulsion

Fig. 6   Attraction

Overturning the magnets in the north-south
direction (switching D with C) produces no change.
We still have attraction consistent with observation.

Fig. 5   Attraction

South (blue) of one magnet faces north (red) of
another. They generate attraction consistent with
the mechanism illustrated in Fig. 4 A and B.
Pushy Bill
drawing a lot of bullshit from the mechanics

Fig. 4   Swinging ropes

Fig. 7   How magnets attract:  another perspective
Compare...
vs.
1.       In the first animation, you have A and B of the left magnet facing C and D of the
    right magnet. Top threads swing CW and bottom threads swing CCW. It is important
    to check the CURVED ARROWS at the top and bottom margins of the drawings to
    verify which way the threads swing.

2.       In the second movie, we switch C and D, and there is no change. Top threads
    swing CW and bottom threads swing CCW.

3.       In the third movie, we switch E and F for C and D. Top threads of the left magnet
    swing CW, but top threads of the right magnet now swing CCW. Bottom threads of
    the left magnet continue swinging CCW, but bottom threads of the right magnet now
    swing CW. The result is repulsion.

Fig. 8   Repulsion
Now we turn the magnets in the
east-west direction so that E and F of the
right magnet face A and B of the left
magnet (Blue facing blue). The magnets
should repel each other. The threads of
the left magnet continue swinging CW on
the top and CCW on the bottom.
However, the threads on the right magnet
now swing CCw on the top and CW on
the bottom. The threads are pushing their
counterparts from the other magnet away
consistent with the mechanism explained
in Fig. 4 C and D. The farther the magnets
are from each other, the fewer threads
that intervene, and the weaker the force
of repulsion. This mechanism accounts
for the inverse square rule.
In the illustration, the straight white lines on both
magnets are spinning CW. The curved white lines
represents the itinerary they describe consistent
with patterns observed on iron filings. Threads
that originate in atoms at the edge of the magnet
extend farther than threads originating in atoms
comprising the center of the magnet. Thus,
thread density decreases farther away from a
magnet. This constitutes the magnetic 'field' that
the mathematicians have been talking about for
200 years. Threads from both magnets
superimpose in the region between the magnets
and cause attraction consistent with the
mechanism explained in Figs. 4 A and B.  
We see the twins, Axel and Rod skipping their respective ropes a little too close to each other. There are
two scenarios:

    Quantum Version 1: domains

    Quantum and Classical Mechanics have two physical interpretations for these patterns. The 'domain' version proposes that
    a magnet can be divided into regions in which the atoms spin in a given direction. The electricians have yet to understand
    how these domains physically generate attraction. Again, Mathematical Physics is 100% descriptive. A mathematician
    describes. He never explains anything. Here's the official explanation of domains at How Stuff Works. Incongruously, you'll
    find it under their 'science' section:

    " The field exerts torque on the material, encouraging the domains to align. There's
      a slight delay, known as hysteresis, between the application of the field and the
      change in domains -- it takes a few moments for the domains to start to move.
      Here's what happens:

      The magnetic domains rotate, allowing them to line up along the north-south lines
      of the magnetic field. [Why? What physical agent causes them to behave this way?]
      Domains that already pointed in the north-south direction become bigger as the
      domains around them get smaller. [Why?]   Domain walls, or borders
      between the neighboring domains, physically move to accommodate domain
      growth. [Why?] In a very strong field, some walls disappear entirely. [Why?]" [1]

    In the religion of Quantum Mechanics, it all happens by magic. The mechanics merely tells you what he observes and not
    what invisible agent is causing the effect. This is a description and not an explanation. This is not Science!


    Quantum version 2: Particles, charges, and fields

    Quantum and Classical Mechanics also have a field version if you didn't like the domain explanation. It's nice to know that
    Mathematical Physics offers people choices. In the crazy world of Mathematics, you can choose how you want Mother
    Nature to be.

    A field is a concept that the idiots of  Mathematics have converted into a physical object. A field allegedly is a cloud of
    discrete particles that surround a magnet. For reasons that the Devil only knows, these discrete particles are tied to each
    other and magically remain faithful to the magnet that gives them origin:

    " Even though an atom's electrons don't move very far, their movement is enough
      to create a tiny magnetic field. [What's a field? A bunch of electrons, particles, or a
      magical mathematical substance?] Since paired electrons spin in opposite
      directions, their magnetic fields cancel one another out. [Plus field minus field = 0?
      Okay... So what physical entity is at work here?] Atoms of ferromagnetic elements,
      on the other hand, have several unpaired electrons that have the same spin. Iron,
      for example, has four unpaired electrons with the same spin. Because they have no
      opposing fields to cancel their effects, these electrons have an orbital magnetic
      moment. [So what is a moment?] The magnetic moment is a vector -- it has a
      magnitude and a direction. [In other words, a vector is a mathematical abstraction,
      a description of what the mathematician observes in the lab.] It's related to both the
      magnetic field strength and the torque that the field exerts. [This is a quantitative
      description. We still don't know how a magnet attracts another.] A whole magnet's
      magnetic moments come from the moments of all of its atoms. [Great! It's nice to
      know that!]

      In metals like iron, the orbital magnetic moment encourages nearby atoms to align
      along the same north-south field lines. [So how does the mathematical concept
      'magnetic moment'  'ENCOURAGE' particles such as atoms to align? The famous
      'magnetic moment' is defined as 'measure of strength.' Can the measure compel
      atoms to align?]  Iron and other ferromagnetic materials are crystalline. As they
      cool from a molten state, groups of atoms with parallel orbital spin line up within
      the crystal structure. [What entity induces this 'lining up'?] This forms the magnetic
      domains discussed in the previous section. [Oh brother! You mean those domains
      you talked about but didn't explain?]

      Many other elements are diamagnetic -- their unpaired atoms create a field that weakly
      repels a magnet. [Like how? You mean by waving a magic wand?]

    Of course, when the presenter senses that no one in the audience understood anything, he covers his incompetence with
    fine print and disclaimers at the end of the presentation:

    " This explanation and its underlying quantum physics are fairly complicated, and
       without them the idea of magnetic attraction can be mystifying."

    Yeah! I bet!

    So now you know exactly how magnets work in Quantum! Now let's look at how they really work. Let's review a series of
    images that allow you to visualize how two magnets can attract or repel each other by means of this invisible 'thing' in
    between them that the mechanics call 'field.'

Fig. 3   Solar flares

Magnetic fields on the surface of the Sun show the same patterns
C'mmon, Lulu Bell! You
can do it! Push harder!
I need for those magnets
to attract each other!
Attraction:    

    A.      Axel and Rod both swing their
    ropes CW. While Axel's rope
    comes down, Rod's rope comes
    up.

    B.      The ropes tug at each other.

Repulsion:   

    C.      Axel and Rod face each other.
    Axel swings his rope CW while
    Rod swings it CCW.

    D.      The ropes collide and push each
    other away (D).



    Having introduced the simple mechanisms illustrated in Fig. 4, let's now extend the concepts to magnets.

    Now we can compare the dynamic Quantum version against the dynamic rope version. With particles, you have no idea how the
    attraction occurs...

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        Copyright © by Nila Gaede 2008