Adapted for the Internet from:

Why God Doesn't Exist

    1.0   Does a particle known as a graviton exist?

    The question we should ask is whether there is such a particle as a graviton in reality. Does the graviton exist? Is there a sane
    mathematician on Earth that truly believes in the graviton?

    If statistics are any indication, I would have to say no. Between 1974 and 2000 the prestigious Institut für Physik of the University
    of Frankfurt, Germany, a leading investigator of gravity, has published a total of 696 papers, 59 of which discuss gluons, 24 the
    strong force, 16 photons, and 4 the weak force (Fig. 1). [1] There isn’t a single technical paper that discusses Quantum gravitons
    or chronons (particles of time). Nature and Science Journals have comparable records. Their combined archives for this period
    list a total of 8 non-technical papers that mention the graviton only to say that it has not been found. Considering the importance
    of the graviton to Quantum and to the potential it has of uniting QM and GR, it is absolutely stunning to realize that nobody is
    busy writing formal papers about this strategic quantum particle.

    The grand projects respectively known as LIGO and Gravity Probe B are attempting to detect gravity waves, and these could be
    regarded as work geared to detect the graviton. However, if the relativists at Stanford, Caltech and MIT were truly interested in
    doing scientific research they would have to start by visualizing and conceptualizing. Before the engineer can run the
    experiment he must design it. They could begin, for instance, by reconciling graviton particles with gravitational waves. What
    do they expect to prove otherwise: that bent space = graviton wave-packets?
What the...!
Heeeeyyy!
Oh! Sorry buddy! I didn't see you down
there. We're Quantum scientists, and
we're looking for the graviton. Do you
know where we could find it?

Fig. 1   Who is looking for the graviton?

    So who is looking for the Quantum graviton?

    No one! The reasons are obvious. There is no way to prove the existence of an object such as the graviton is alleged to be.
    There is nothing to write about. The Quantum graviton is a physical impossibility, a logical contradiction. The mathematicians
    will never be able to show in the lab how the target comes closer to the shooter by throwing darts at it, more so if they assume
    in addition that these darts are zero-dimensional point particles. Such an experiment fails in the design stage.

    Some experts have arrived at similar conclusions. There simply are no such things as gravitons:

    “ gravitons are still speculative.  It is also unlikely that individual gravitons will be
      detected any time in the near future.” [3]

    “ Are there really such things as gravitons? We do not know, but physicists believe
      that because gravity is a force that shares many technical similarities to the other
      three natural forces, it must also have a quantum particle that mediates it, and this
      is called the graviton. It is very unlikely we will ever detect individual gravitons” [4]

    Therefore, I have to conclude that the Quantum graviton is a nonentity invented by the mechanics to kill the hours at the pub.
    The graviton proposed by Quantum Mechanics is another fantastic Emperor’s Clothes tale! What the new generation of
    theorists has done is carry the graviton ball over to String Theory (ST), a ‘fascinating’ new field of Mathematical Physics that
    attempts to merge GR with QM.
    Where did the mathematicians get such ridiculous explanations as negative-momentum and time-reversal, and what were the
    reasons behind this nonsense?
Who's looking for
the graviton?

“Hear Yea, Hear Yea! Attention everybody!
Proof at last! Decades of research and millions
of dollar later have finally given fruit. Our
prestigious group today proudly announces its
uncontestable findings with respect to the
graviton. The graviton doesn’t exist, and the
graph on the right proves that…

    …no one believes in the graviton!”

    2.0   Origins of QM’s fantastic explanations for gravity

    Le Sage can be credited with being the first to propose gravitons in a negative-momentum sense. His idea is that bodies attract
    each other because the sea of particles that lie between them depletes.

    any two material bodies partially shield each other from the impinging corpuscles,
      resulting in a net imbalance in the pressure exerted by the impacting corpuscles
      on the bodies, tending to drive the bodies together. [5]

    Think of this body of particles as an aether that permeates space and keeps physical objects apart. The region depletes because
    the objects have already absorbed some of these ethereal particles in their vicinity. This enables the particle on the other side of
    the objects to push the two objects together. According to Le Sage, a house attracts you because you stand in its aether shadow,
    a particle umbra of sorts. Particles from all over the Universe impinge on the house and on you, but the house shields you from
    those particles that approach from its rear. Likewise, you protect the house from particles coming from behind you. A ‘depletion’
    region arises between you and the house in which there are fewer particles. This region is too weak to stop the remaining
    particles in the universe from pushing you and the house together (Fig. 2). In one enlightened enthusiast’s words:

    “ The force carrying intermediaries that get absorbed in the earth should produce
      a directed shielding effect for other bodies in the vicinity.” [6]

    A series of amusing Le Sage type mechanisms have been condensed in the book Pushing Gravity.

    The mainstream Quantum folk treat Le Sage’s followers as idiots, and I can’t blame them. You have to be a fool to concoct such
    a ridiculous theory for attraction. However, the mechanics have come up with the Casimir Effect, the same mechanism in
    another context. This phenomenon consists of two metal plates in close proximity. The mathematicians observe that the plates
    are mystically drawn together without any apparent intervening forces:

    “ the space surrounding the plates contains more particles and energy than the
      space between the plates. The more energy-dense space surrounding the plates
      exerts a force on the metal, pushing the plates together.” [7]

    “ Casimir realised that between two plates, only those virtual photons whose
      wavelengths fit a whole number of times into the gap should be counted when
      calculating the vacuum energy.  The energy density decreases as the plates are
      moved closer which implies there is a small force drawing them together.” [8]

    “ the Casimir effect is a weak force exerted between separate objects, which is due
      to neither charge, gravity, nor the exchange of particles, but instead is due to
      resonance of all-pervasive energy fields in the intervening space between the
      objects...

     [You what? Einstein's idiots can't seem to tell you  a simple theory in straight
      forward language!]

     … all of the various fundamental fields, such as the electromagnetic field, must be
      quantized at each and every point in space...

      [This means that, in the eyes of a mathematician, a field is made of particles.]
     
      ... In a naïve sense, a field in physics may be envisioned as if space were filled with
      interconnected vibrating balls and springs, and the strength of the field can be
      visualized as the displacement of a ball from its rest position. [9]

     [In other words, the ‘field’ region between the plates has less particles.]

    Therefore, the Casimir Effect is a rerun of the Le Sage effect, and I must conclude that the explanation that the mechanics offer
    for the Casimir Effect constitutes inexorable proof that not only Le Sage’s disciples are idiots. And I believe that that’s as
    objective as I can make the statement.

    Certainly, a more recent milestone for all this rubbish, as well as for negative mass, tachyons (FTL particles), and poorly
    interacting neutrinos that plague the journals calling themselves scientific, is the Feynman-Wheeler ‘absorber theory.’ [10] This
    theory holds that particles emit radiation not only in every direction of space, but also in the ‘two directions of time.’

    “ During its accelerated motion a charged particle – a source of radiation - emits
      electromagnetic waves. These waves, known as classic retarded waves, are
      absorbed by another charged particle – absorber – that, in turn, produces both
      retarded and advanced waves, the latter being characterized by negative energy.
      Advanced waves move backward in time to the emitter (instantaneous effect)
      and may act as a bearer of information. [11] [12]

    The logic provided by Feynman and Wheeler is that if you circumscribe radiation to an opaque enclosure, the ‘advanced’ energy
    will cancel out with the particles making up the walls of the enclosure, and the ‘retarded’ energy from the past will remain to cause
    havoc.

    Feynman later recanted his retarded theory shortly after publishing, but, because information is a bit time-delayed in the Quantum
    world, some people have yet to receive the news. One fellow who has not yet been brought up to speed is John Cramer. He
    has made a career out of time-delay, peddling a ridiculous theory he calls the ‘transactional interpretation’ of Quantum
    Mechanics. [13] [14] His theory requires that particles in the present communicate with particles coming from the the future or
    from the past:

    “ The emitter, e.g., a vibrating electron or atom in an excited state, attempts to
      radiate by producing a field. This field, according to the Wheeler-Feynman
      description, is a time-symmetric combination of a retarded field which
      propagates into the future and an advanced field which propagates into the
      past.” [15]

    I am not ‘cherry-picking’ my sources. Folks like Casimir and Cramer can calculate just about anything. It is the stunning physical
    interpretations they offer and believe in that are jaw-dropping. You wonder how it is possible for people who spent so many years
    at a university to believe in such nonsense. What a waste of resources!

Fig. 2

QM’s unattractive logic #3: The Casimir Effect
Pushing gravity to the limits of idiocy

1.    Particles push on mechanic. Mechanic blocks particles from reaching house.
2.    Particles push on house. House blocks particles from reaching mechanic.
3.    Mechanic and house are at-tracted to each other because depletion region
has fewer particles to keep them apart.

    [Absolutely breathtaking!]

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        Copyright © by Nila Gaede 2008